Best Vitamins and Supplements for Thyroid

Updated on March 16th, 2020
vitamins for thyroid

It’s commonly known that we need to eat the right food to avoid ill-health. But not many are alert about the different vitamins for thyroid problems. There are two ways to correct the thyroid caused due to a lack of vitamin. One is to take the best vitamins for thyroid as supplements.

The second is to consume enough vitamins in your diet. Many women miss meals. It impacts the thyroid gland. Lack of vitamin can give rise to thyroid problems. The thyroid gland moderates the heart rate. It influences metabolism. This is the reason why it is essential to correct vitamin. Let’s delve deeper into which are the best vitamins for thyroid.

What are The Best Vitamins for Thyroid?

The cell homeostasis maintains through oxidoreductive systems. The reduction of these byproducts triggers structural and functional damage. This is because it causes oxidative stress. Free radical damage causes diseases and aging.

Both- the lack or too much thyroid help in the promotion of oxidative stress. Thyroid problems impact levels of vitamins A, C, and E. Vitamin E, for example, lower oxidative stress. Less sensitivity to thyroid hormones takes place when lack of vitamin is corrected.

In one study, hyperthyroid patients reduced clinical symptoms through antioxidants like vitamin C and E. For patients who took these antioxidant-rich nutrients, symptoms of hyperthyroidism(1) reduced by a significant margin.

Antioxidant benefitted those with the thyroid condition in another study. Supplementation using vitamin C and E helped along with medicines in patients with hyperthyroidism. Further, supplementation of vitamins A and E may increase the life span.

[Read: Natural Remedies for Thyroid]

1. Vitamin A

vitamin A

Vitamin A in carotene-rich foods helps. Less active thyroid glands cannot effectively change carotene to vitamin A. Vitamin A must accompany protein to be digested properly. If you don’t follow a protein-rich diet, you lack vitamin A. The ability to produce TSH is limited.

[Read: Vitamin K Rich Foods]

It is required to convert T4 to T3. It is vital for the functioning of the thyroid gland. If you are facing night driving problems or increased light sensitivity, it is due to low vitamin levels. This vitamin for thyroid is excellent.

Studies show vitamin A metabolism is related to the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis. Common transport proteins bind thyroid and retinol-binding proteins. These transport proteins fall when there is a lack of vitamin A.

Usually, TSH regulates through retinoid X receptors and thyroid hormone activated receptors. Vitamin A deficit creates an imbalance in TSH secretion.

[Read: Supplements to Treat Thyroid]

2. Vitamin B6/Pyridoxine

Vitamin B6 takes part in more than 100 enzymatic bodily reactions. Further, research studies show a lack of vitamin B6 leads to hypothyroidism stemming from low TRH in the brain’s hypothalamus. Eliminating the lack of vitamins leads to stabilization of thyroid levels. Excessive vitamin B6, however, reduces TSH.

3. Vitamin B Complex

Besides B6, remaining vitamin B complex also influences thyroid. These are among the best vitamin for thyroid. B1 or Thiamine can help to stabilize an overactive thyroid gland(2). Vitamin B2/Riboflavin suppresses thyroid functioning, so thyroid glands fail to secrete hormone as a result of it. Vitamin B3/Niacin is needed to keep the body’s cells working. This includes the glands.

Finally, vitamin B12 can trigger a problem if there is a deficit. Those with no thyroid or low activity thyroid fail to absorb this vitamin. Conversely, a lack of vitamin B12 causes thyroid problems. It can be severe, such as autoimmune thyroid disease. Studies have found lower levels of B12 are associated with hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. ,

[Read: Foods for Thyroid]

4. Vitamin D

vitamin d

Vitamin D is present in more than 35 types of human tissues. When people with hyperthyroid take vitamin D, it heals the bones. Hyperthyroidism causes risk of neck fracture and loss of bone mass. This risk returns to normal after a year, as bone mineral density does not respond to baseline until four years after treatment of hyperthyroidism. Vitamin D supplementation heals bone injuries from hyperthyroidism.

5. Vitamin E

Lack of this vitamin causes the thyroid gland to too much thyroid hormone. It also leads to too little TSH. Vitamin E deficit impacts the pituitary gland. Higher vitamin intake is needed by people with thyroid, therefore.

[Read: Home Remedies for Thyroid]

How to Take Vitamins for Thyroid

Top sources of thyroid vitamins and minerals can be included in the daily diet. Fish and seafood are essential. Code, white fish, tuna, and shrimp are vitamin-rich products. Dairy products like yogurt, cheese, or milk should be taken to avoid health problems. Eggs are a good source of vitamins like A and D. To counter lack of vitamin-induced thyroid, include leafy green vegetables, which are a source of iron and vitamin A.

While most doctors recommend dietary vitamin, taking supplements or pills can help. A 2012 study of females at risk for hypothyroidism found proof. Researchers showed vitamin A supplementation cut the likelihood of thyroid problems.  Do check with your doctor and see if supplements are FDA approved, though. Traditional multivitamins or vitamin supplements or even herbal supplements that are genuine can be taken.

Thyroid imbalances and disorders are the functions of vitamin deficit. Vitamins for thyroid can serve to strengthen the body. They can also boost energy levels. They can restore imbalances and undo the impact of an overactive or underactive thyroid gland.

[Read: Essential Oils for Thyroid]


1. Do Vitamins for Thyroid Problems Work?

A lot of research shows vitamins like A, B, C, D, and E work to counter the impact of thyroid problems. Thyroid disorders can be treated through vitamins.

2. What Are the Best Vitamins for Thyroid?

The best vitamins for thyroid are vitamins A, B complex, C, D, and E.

3. How Should Vitamins for Thyroid Be Taken?

Experts recommend thyroid vitamins should be part of your diet. If it is impossible to include dietary practices that promote healthy thyroid, only then should US FDA approved supplements be used. Such supplements should be taken under medical supervision.

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