TMJ (temporomandibular joint) is formed by the articulation of your mandible and mandibular fossa of the temporal bone of the skull. Various muscles are attached to TMJ. The focus of Physiotherapy for TMJ(1) is the treatment for pain in the jaw joint, which may cause many medical problems. Exercising your jaw is an essential component of your treatment through physiotherapy.
In physiotherapy for TMJ, heat may be used on your jaw to relax muscles and decrease pain and muscular spasm. For PMJ treatment, ultrasound is used to provide heat to tissues and improves cellular mobility. In physiotherapy, for PMJ massage technique may be used to treat your jaw pain. The purpose of massage is to relax muscles and improves circulation to them, allowing for a normal motion to occur in TMJ.
Mobilization of your jaw enhances the mobility of the joint, and it can restore normal joint motion and can help relocate a displaced articular disc in the jaw joint. Treatment of TMJ includes acupuncture and dry needling. It also includes soft tissue massage, physical therapy instrument mobility. Strength exercises, taping and strapping, and heat packs are also involved.
Most cases of TMJ get better in six to eight weeks through physiotherapy. Working with your physiotherapist and performing regular exercises can help in your recovery. Physiotherapists can help determine the cause of your TMJ and can improve the way your jaw works. That way, you can swiftly and safely get back to your normal activities.
Most of the time, the pain and discomfort associated with TMJ disorders can be relieved quickly with self-managed care or non-surgical treatments.
Going for a Surgery is a last resort after conservative measures have failed. Most people with TMJ disorders may benefit from physiotherapy. Exercises in physical therapy are easy to do and would not take too much time. These physical therapies are comfortable and safe to go for.
Does Physiotherapy for TMJ Help?
Jaw pain and clicking might come from any one of these structures. However, most of the time, the pain comes from muscle around the joint. Posture, neck mobility, and muscle balance around the neck and jaw play a vital role in TMJ. Physical therapy is an excellent treatment for TMJ.
- Manual TMJ physical therapy includes hands-on techniques to improve joint motion and reduce muscle stiffness.
- Mobilizations are used to help the disk move frequently, decrease pain, and increase motion.
- For TMJ treatment, trigger point dry needling therapy is another way. It targets particular muscles in your jaw that are contracting and causing your jaw to misalign.
There are TMJ exercises for physical therapy, which are considered as the best and quick remedy for joint pain or muscle stiffness. These exercises are thought to help in a stretch of the jaw, strengthen jaw muscles, relax the jaw, and promote jaw healing.
- In the first step, you need to touch your tongue on the roof of your mouth — not the middle part of the tongue, but the tip of your tongue.
- Then put your right hand’s index finger on the TMJ and give a little pressure on it.
- Keep your left hand’s index finger on your chin.
- Now drop your lower jaw entirely and then shut it back. Drop your jaw slowly so that you can bear the pain.
- For a variation of this exercise, place one finger on each TMJ as you lower the jaw and back in slow motion.
- Repeat this exercise six times, as it makes one set.
- Do complete six sets daily. Make sure not to do these sets one after another. Maintain a gap in between each set.
- Within six or eight weeks, you will get the result and will see a visible relief in your pain and muscle stiffness.
Before going for physiotherapy for TMJ, it is also essential to pay attention to the self-threating condition, and avoiding or delaying the standard care may have serious consequences. If you are using any form of alternative medicine, make sure to consult your physician first. Consulting your doctor lowers the potential risks and benefits because it’s better to be safe than sorry.
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Physiotherapy for TMJ is aimed at relieving the symptoms, seeking to restore the normal function of the muscles, for which different techniques can be used. In the case of TMJ, physiotherapy is workable. Small exercises help TMJ to start working correctly.
Physical therapy can help the muscles to work in its correct way and slowly and gradually help in relieving the joint pain. Physical therapy through tissue stretching exercises, joint mobilization, and activities for segmental stabilization may be included in the rehabilitation process (2.) Physiotherapy may help the patients of TMJ by reducing pain and increasing mobility.
[Read: Home Remedies for TMJ Pain]
1. Can I Recognize the Tmj?
Yes, you can recognize the TMJ disorder through the popping sounds when moving jaws, difficulty in chewing your food, and also through facial pain and earache.
2. Are Tmj Exercises Are Safe to Follow?
Yes, TMJ exercises are safe to follow because it does not contain any devices or medication. These are elementary exercises that can be included in your to your daily routine.